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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Orthographic and phonological effects in the picture–word interference paradigm: Evidence from a logographic language
Author: Yanchao Bi
Institution: Beijing Normal University
Author: Yaoda Xu
Institution: Harvard University
Author: Alfonso Caramazza
Institution: Harvard University
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Phonology; Psycholinguistics; Writing Systems
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
Abstract: One important finding with the picture–word interference paradigm is that picture-naming performance is facilitated by the presentation of a distractor formally related to the picture name. In two picture-naming experiments we investigated the nature of such form facilitation effect with Mandarin Chinese, separating the effects of phonology and orthography. Significant facilitation effects were observed both when distractors were only orthographically or only phonologically related to the targets. The orthographic effect was overall stronger than the phonological effect. These findings suggest that the classic form facilitation effect in picture–word interference is a mixed effect with multiple loci: it cannot be attributed merely to the nonlexical activation of the target phonological segments from the visual input of the distractor. It seems instead that orthographically only related distractors facilitate the lexical selection process of picture naming, and phonologically only related distractors facilitate the retrieval of target phonological segments.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 30, Issue 4, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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