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Latin: A Linguistic Introduction

By Renato Oniga and Norma Shifano

Applies the principles of contemporary linguistics to the study of Latin and provides clear explanations of grammatical rules alongside diagrams to illustrate complex structures.


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The Ancient Language, and the Dialect of Cornwall, with an Enlarged Glossary of Cornish Provincial Words

By Frederick W.P. Jago

Containing around 3,700 dialect words from both Cornish and English,, this glossary was published in 1882 by Frederick W. P. Jago (1817–92) in an effort to describe and preserve the dialect as it too declined and it is an invaluable record of a disappearing dialect and way of life.


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Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 2013

The Linguistic Bibliography is by far the most comprehensive bibliographic reference work in the field. This volume contains up-to-date and extensive indexes of names, languages, and subjects.


Academic Paper


Title: Gender as an inflectional category
Author: Andrew Spencer
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Abstract: Russian adjectives, especially participles, can be used as nouns denoting people, e.g.
bol'noj-bol'naja '(male-female) patient'
from bol'noj 'sick', uca#chr(353)#cijsja-uca#chr(353)#cajasja '(boy-girl) pupil', participle from the verb ucit'sja 'to learn, study'. These are unusual in that they formally reflect the sex of their referent by means of inflectional morphology. Moreover, many surnames inflect like adjectives and they, too, inflect for gender: Mr. Pu#chr(353)#kin, #chr(268)#exov, Tolstoj, Dostoevskij but Ms. Pu#chr(353)#kina,#chr(268)#exova, Tolstaja, Dostoevskaja. Lexemes such as 'patient, pupil' are genuine nouns and not just adjectives modifying null nouns. The latter type do exist and have different properties from converted nouns. Converted nouns and adjectival surnames thus form systematic gender pairs which are forms of a single lexeme. However, gender is not conventionally regarded as an inflection category of the kind which induces word forms of lexemes in this way, rather it is an inherent 'classificatory' property of nouns. The paper discusses the peculiar nature of this type of inflectional marking and provides an explicit analysis of the construction. On the semantic side, nouns such as bol'noj, uca#chr(353)#cijsja have a similar representation to that of a phrase person who is sick-studies and we effectively have an instance of the poorly researched phenomenon of de-phrasal word formation. On the morphosyntactic side, the lexical entry of the deadjectival noun or surname shares crucial properties with 3rd person pronouns. The analysis raises questions about the nature of lexical categories (especially 'mixed categories') and the structure of lexical entries generally.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of Linguistics Vol. 38, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site .



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