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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: 'Downstream' effects on the predicate in Functional Grammar clause derivations
Author: Francis Cornish
Institution: Université de Toulouse - Le Mirail
Linguistic Field: Semantics; Syntax
Abstract: The article deals with the dynamic, retroactive effects within a clause derivation of various 'downstream' specifications (that is, at subsequent levels in the derivation)on the semantic structure and aspectual character of the predicator at the 'nuclear','core' and 'extended' predication layers within standard Functional Grammar (Dik 1997a) - specifically, the insertion of given types of argument expressions within the predicate frame and the adjunction of certain semantically marked types of level 1 and level 2 satellites. A third type of retroactive effect is produced via the assignment or otherwise of the pragmatic function 'Focus' to the syntactic exponent of a predicate, which results in the singling out of a given part of the latter's semantic structure to act as a predicator. All these dynamic, retroactive effects on a predicator and the structures it projects assume a semantically transparent underlying predicate structure on which to operate; yet in the standard FG model, no such structure is available via the predicate frame, which forms the initial structure for the derivation of a clause. The article demonstrates the drawbacks of the strict separation of meaning definitions (lexical semantics) and predicate frames (semantically-based syntax) within FG in terms, precisely, of the perspicuous mapping between syntax and semantics. It proposes a semantically transparent alternative to the standard predicate frame, based on Pustejovsky's (1995) 'Generative Lexicon' approach to lexico-semantic structure.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of Linguistics Vol. 38, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site .



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