Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Oxford Handbook of Corpus Phonology

Edited by Jacques Durand, Ulrike Gut, and Gjert Kristoffersen

Offers the first detailed examination of corpus phonology and serves as a practical guide for researchers interested in compiling or using phonological corpora


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

The Languages of the Jews: A Sociolinguistic History

By Bernard Spolsky

A vivid commentary on Jewish survival and Jewish speech communities that will be enjoyed by the general reader, and is essential reading for students and researchers interested in the study of Middle Eastern languages, Jewish studies, and sociolinguistics.


New from Brill!

ad

Indo-European Linguistics

New Open Access journal on Indo-European Linguistics is now available!


Academic Paper


Title: Heterogeneity in Linguistic Practice, Competence and Ideology: Language and Community on Easter Island
Author: Miki Makihara
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/ANTHRO/makihara/makihara.html
Institution: Queens College (CUNY)
Linguistic Field: Anthropological Linguistics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Rapanui
Subject Language Family: Austronesian
Abstract: This paper offers an ethnographic and linguistic analysis of the sociolinguistic situation of Easter Island, a multilingual, ethnolinguistic-minority community in Chile. The original language, Rapa Nui (Polynesian), has become endangered as a process of language shift toward the dominant state language, Spanish, has picked up pace in the last four decades. Most Rapa Nui children today are native speakers of Spanish and there is a wide heterogeneity in language competences and practice amongst youth and adults. At the same time, however, a successful local indigenous political movement has led many community members to reflect critically on the loss of their ancestral language and some language revitalization initiatives have been launched. I describe the heterogeneous and changing nature of linguistic ideology, competence, and practice in this speech community. Local, state, and global ideologies of language and its valorization have clashed and intersected to create new frameworks to inform community members’ understanding of, and attitudes toward, heterogeneity and linguistic practice and change. I analyze how cultural conception of language have variously shaped past developments in, and academic and community descriptions of, the sociolinguistic situation on Rapa Nui and how they may influence current language revitalization efforts. Cultural conceptions of language discussed include notions of language decadence and contamination, language hierarchy and (d)evaluation, ‘natural’ acquisition of ‘native language’, subtractive bilingualism, and linguistic syncretism and purism. I conclude with a discussion of the challenges of revitalization efforts in endangered language contexts highlighting the need to balance community efforts to institutionalize and standardize, and accepting and even encouraging heterogeneity in linguistic practices as a means to fostering liveliness of language in everyday life.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: In The Native Speaker Concept: Ethnographic Investigations of Native Speaker Effects, edited by Neriko M. Doerr, pp.249–275. Mouton de Gruyter.


Back
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page