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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: 'Masked translation priming: Varying language experience and word type with Spanish–English bilinguals'
Author: ChrisDavis
Institution: 'University of Melbourne'
Author: RosaSánchez-Casas
Institution: 'Rovira i Virgili University'
Author: José EugenioGarcía-Albea
Institution: 'Rovira i Virgili University'
Author: MarcGuasch
Institution: 'Rovira i Virgili University'
Author: MargaritaMolero
Institution: 'Rovira i Virgili University'
Author: PilarFerré
Institution: 'Rovira i Virgili University'
Linguistic Field: 'Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics'
Subject Language: 'English'
' Spanish'
Abstract: Spanish–English bilingual lexical organization was investigated using masked cognate and non-cognate priming with the lexical decision task. In Experiment 1, three groups of bilinguals (Spanish dominant, English dominant and Balanced) and a single group of beginning bilinguals (Spanish) were tested with Spanish and English targets primed by cognate and non-cognate translations. All the bilingual groups showed cognate but not non-cognate priming. This cognate priming effect was similar in magnitude to the within-language repetition priming effect; it did not vary across participants who had different second-language acquisition histories, nor was the size of the priming effect modulated by the direction of the translation. The beginning bilingual group only showed cognate priming when the primes were in Spanish (L1) and the targets in English (L2). In Experiment 2, both form-related and unrelated word baselines were used with a single group of bilinguals. The results were the same as Experiment 1: cognate priming and no non-cognate priming. Experiment 3 examined the cognate priming effect with reduced orthographic and phonological overlap. Despite this reduced form overlap, it was found that the cognate effect was the same size as the within-language repetition effect. These results indicate that cognate translations are special and ways of modifying models of bilingual lexical processing to reflect this were considered.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 13, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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