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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: The Acoustical Significance of Tongue, Lip, and Larynx Maneuvers in Rounded Palatal Vowels
Author: Sidney Wood
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://swphonetics.com
Institution: Lund University
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology
Abstract: The acoustical consequences of articulatory maneuvers of [y] are studied in model experiments in order to obtain insights into articulator programming and speech motor control by elucidating the role of each component maneuver of a speech segment in setting up vocal tract resonance conditions for the spectral features of the speech wave. The maneuvers of [y] are found to provide a maximum and stable plain-flat spectral contrast with [i]. The results can be generalized to different vocal tract sizes. Tongue retraction and larynx depression are rejected as compensations to counteract labial undershoot. Larynx depression is complementary to lip rounding and restores spectral sensitivity to palatal and pharyngeal tongue movements otherwise disturbed by the labial activity. Spectral sensitivity then remains the same for [i] and [y], and there is no need for separate compensation programs for each of these phones.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 80:391-401


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