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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: 'Will': tense or modal or both?
Author: Raphael Salkie
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Brighton
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Subject Language: English
Abstract: Most grammarians refuse to treat 'will' as a marker of future tense in English. We examine the arguments against treating 'will' as a tense and find them weak; the arguments in favour of treating it as a modal also turn out to be poor. We argue that 'will' should be treated as a marker of future tense, and that its so-called modal uses are either not modal or have independent explanations. The one exception is the volitional use of 'will': to account for this, we propose that willingness is a semantic relic from an earlier meaning of the word.


This article appears IN English Language and Linguistics Vol. 14, Issue 2.

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