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Style, Mediation, and Change

Edited by Janus Mortensen, Nikolas Coupland, and Jacob Thogersen

Style, Mediation, and Change "Offers a coherent view of style as a unifying concept for the sociolinguistics of talking media."


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Intonation and Prosodic Structure

By Caroline Féry

Intonation and Prosodic Structure "provides a state-of-the-art survey of intonation and prosodic structure."


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Academic Paper


Title: Beyond aspect: will be -ing and shall be -ing
Author: Agnès Celle
Institution: Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7
Author: Nicholas Smith
Institution: University of Salford
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics; Syntax
Subject Language: English
Abstract: 'This article discusses the synchronic status and diachronic development of 'will be -ing' and 'shall be -ing' (as in 'I'll be leaving at noon'). Although available since at least Middle English, the constructions did not establish a significant foothold in standard English until the twentieth century. Both types are also more prevalent in British English (BrE) than American English (AmE).
We argue that in present-day usage 'will/shall be -ing' are aspectually underspecified: instances that clearly construe a situation as future-in-progress are in the minority. Similarly, although volition-neutrality has been identified as a key feature of 'will/shall be -ing', it is important to take account of other, generally richer meanings and associations, notably ‘future-as-matter-of-course’ (Leech 2004), ‘already-decided future’ (Huddleston & Pullum et al. 2002) and non-agentivity. Like volition-neutrality, these characteristics appear to be relevant not only in contemporary use, but also in their historical expansion. We show that the construction has evolved from progressive aspect towards more subjectivised evidential meaning.

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This article appears IN English Language and Linguistics Vol. 14, Issue 2.

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