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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: The impact of bilingualism on the executive control and orienting networks of attention
Author: Mireia Hernández
Institution: Universitat de Barcelona
Author: Albert Costa
Institution: Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Author: Luis J Fuentes
Institution: Universidad de Murcia
Author: Ana B Vivas
Institution: City Liberal Studies: Affiliated Institution of the University of Sheffield
Author: Núria Sebastián-Gallés
Institution: Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: The main objective of this article is to provide new evidence regarding the impact of bilingualism on the attentional system. We approach this goal by assessing the effects of bilingualism on the executive and orienting networks of attention. In Experiment 1, we compared young bilingual and monolingual adults in a numerical version of the Stroop task, which allowed the assessment of the executive control network. We observed more efficient performance in the former group, which showed both reduced Stroop Interference and larger Stroop Facilitation Effects relative to the latter. Conversely, Experiment 2, conducted with a visual cueing task in order to assess the orienting network, revealed similar Cueing Facilitation and Inhibition (Inhibition of Return – IOR) Effects for both groups of speakers. The implications of the results of these two experiments for the origin and boundaries of the bilingual impact on the attentional system are discussed.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 13, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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