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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: A Study of Language Attitudes through English Accent Evaluations by Koreans in the Philippines
Author: Teri Rose Dominica Gannaban Roh
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of the Philippines
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: The current shift of the status of English from a foreign language to a global language (Chang, 2008) facilitates the proliferation of general and unique attitudes towards speakers of English with various accents. Employing a model of accent evaluation adapted from Street and Hopper (1982), this study describes which attitudes are prevalent among Koreans currently studying English in the Philippines based on the evaluations they hold in relation to speakers with an American English accent (AmE), a Philippine English accent (PhilE), and Korean-accented English (KorE). The discussions include a holistic set of language attitudes that represent affective, behavioral, and cognitive outcomes (Ryan, et al., 1982).

The evaluations of the three English accents were gathered from 120 teenage and adult Koreans staying in the Philippines during the survey period from December 2009 to January 2010. Direct and indirect techniques in eliciting language attitudes were utilized in designing the four key tasks in the questionnaire (i.e., perception of phonological features, categorization of the speaker, making judgments about the characteristics of the speaker, and evaluation through expression of preference). The findings indicate that Koreans show positive attitudes in responding to the tasks related to the speaker of AmE, while they hold neutral and negative language attitudes towards the speakers of the PhilE and KorE varieties, respectively. By implication, such attitudes invite English language teaching professionals, policy-makers, and concerned individuals to re-assess their current practices in order to uplift the status of stigmatized but equally important language varieties in the context of South Korea and similar contexts where English language learners expect to be able to understand the speech of other speakers of English as they, in turn, continuously strive to speak with an improved level of intelligibility.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: College of Arts and Letters
Publication Info: University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City


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