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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: Word-Final Cluster Simplification in Vimeu French: A preliminary analysis
Paper URL: http://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1137&context=pwpl
Author: Anne-José Villeneuve
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://individual.utoronto.ca/annejose/
Institution: University of Toronto
Linguistic Field: Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: French
Abstract: While many variationist studies have investigated phonological aspects of North American French varieties in the last three decades, few have focused on regional varieties of European French until recently. In the present study, I examine the simplification of word-final obstruent-liquid (OL) clusters – e.g. table 'table' and autre 'other' realized as [tab] and [ot] – in Vimeu French, a region of Northern France where French is spoken alongside Picard, a regional Gallo-Roman dialect. Not only does this variety provide us with new data for European French, it also allows us to examine the influence of Picard, a language in which word-final cluster simplification is widespread (Pooley 1996). Using data from a recent Vimeu French corpus, I show that, contrary to previous descriptions of French phonology (Dell 1985), /l/ and /r/ can be deleted not only before consonants and pauses, but also in prevocalic contexts. This extension of the phonological environment in which simplification can occur also characterizes the vernacular French spoken in Roubaix, another Picard-speaking area (Pooley 1996). Differences between age groups in rate of OL simplification and in the ranking of linguistic factors also indicate that Picard may have affected the elders more than younger adults, regardless of their spoken proficiency in Picard.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: University of Pennsylvania
Publication Info: Working Papers in Linguistics 15 (2) - Selected papers from NWAV 37
URL: http://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1137&context=pwpl


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