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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: Another Frisianism in Coastal Dutch: Traam, Treem, Triem ‘Crossbeam’
Author: Michiel de Vaan
Institution: Leiden University Centre for Linguistics
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Dutch
Frisian, Eastern
Frisian, Northern
Mainfränkisch
Plautdietsch
Frisian, Western
Abstract: The dialect geography and etymology of Dutch, Frisian, and German trVm(e) ‘crossbeam’ suggest that western Dutch triem continues West Germanic ‑ǣ-, which underwent vowel raising to /i./ as in Frisian. Thus, Dutch traam beside triem belongs to an established group of Standard Dutch words showing /a./ next to /i./ from West Germanic ǣ-, such as schraal vs. schriel. It is argued that the survival of words in /i./ in the coastal dialects of Dutch fits into recent theories that Standard Dutch is the result of language contact between medieval Frisian and Franconian.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 22, Issue 4, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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