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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Academic Paper


Title: Strong-Verb Paradigm Leveling in Four Germanic Languages: A Category Frequency Approach
Author: Antje Dammel
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Author: Jessica Nowak
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.germanistik.uni-mainz.de/508.php
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Author: Mirjam Schmuck
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Subject Language: Dutch
English
German
Swedish
Abstract: We investigated strong-verb paradigm leveling in German, Dutch, English, and Swedish, and found significant differences in ablaut leveling and class change towards the weak conjugation. Swedish favors ablaut patterns retaining a difference between the preterite and the past participle, while German, Dutch, and English favor a common vowel for both forms. In change from the strong to the weak conjugation in Swedish, the preterite is more resistant than the past participle, while in the other languages it is the reverse. We provide a unified explanation for these facts based on differences in category frequency due to the prominence or lack of an aspectual distinction between preterite and perfect.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 22, Issue 4, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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