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Intonation and Prosodic Structure

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Academic Paper


Title: On the Emergence of an Eighth Ablaut Class in German and Dutch
Author: Jessica Nowak
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://www.germanistik.uni-mainz.de/508.php
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Linguistic Field: Morphology; Syntax
Subject Language: Dutch
German
Abstract: This article examines a remarkable case of analogy in the verbal systems of German and Dutch which to date has hardly received any attention. In both languages, the ablaut pattern that originally stems from the second Germanic ablaut class (“o = o”) spread to other strong verbs by analogy, as in German heben–hob–gehoben or Dutch binden–bond–gebonden. It is argued that the low token frequency of these verbs triggered this analogy. As in both cases a new type of ablaut class arises through the convergence of several strong verbs, I refer to it as the eighth ablaut class.

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This article appears IN Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 22, Issue 4.

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