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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Academic Paper


Title: Degemnation in Brazilian speaking Children
Paper URL: http://www.revel.inf.br/site2007/_pdf/10/artigos/revel_esp_1_o_fenomeno_da_defeminacao_na_fala.pdf
Author: Denise Nauderer Hogetop
Institution: Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Gande do Sul
Author: Marivone Faturi Vacari
Institution: Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Gande do Sul
Author: Tatiana Keller
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition
Subject Language: Portuguese
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the application of degemination in the speech of 14 children between the ages of 1:6 to 4:0 years old, from Porto Alegre city, in Rio Grande do Sul. We verify the application of degemination by these children. We analyzed the production of
such a rule in the scope of phonology and phonetics, in unstressed vowels followed by other unstressed vowels, stressed vowels followed by unstressed ones, and unstressed vowels followed by unstressed ones. The methodology used consisted in the listening of the speech of eight children between the ages of 1:6 to 2:3 years old. Such recordings belong to INIFONO e AQUIFONO, part of PUCRS's CEAAL. Furthermore, the speech of six other children, between the ages of 2:4 to 4:0 years old were analyzed using an instrument created by the authors based on Yavas, Hernandorena and Lamprencht (1991). Our results point out that children generally produced such phenomenon whenever the context of application was fulfilled.
Type: Collection
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Revista Virtual de Estudos da Linguagem (ReVEL) Edição especial n. 1, 2007. ISSN 1678-8931; www.revel.inf.br
URL: http://www.revel.inf.br/site2007/_pdf/10/artigos/revel_esp_1_o_fenomeno_da_defeminacao_na_fala.pdf


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