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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: Plausibility and recovery from garden paths in second language sentence processing
Author: Leah Roberts
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.mpi.nl/world/persons/profession/leahro.html
Institution: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Author: Claudia Felser
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Universität Potsdam
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: English
Greek, Modern
Abstract: In this study, the influence of plausibility information on the real-time processing of locally ambiguous ("garden path") sentences in a nonnative language is investigated. Using self-paced reading, we examined how advanced Greek-speaking learners of English and native speaker controls read sentences containing temporary subject-object ambiguities, with the ambiguous noun phrase being either semantically plausible or implausible as the direct object of the immediately preceding verb. Besides providing evidence for incremental interpretation in second language processing, our results indicate that the learners were more strongly influenced by plausibility information than the native speaker controls in their on-line processing of the experimental items. For the second language learners an initially plausible direct object interpretation lead to increased reanalysis difficulty in "weak" garden-path sentences where the required reanalysis did not interrupt the current thematic processing domain. No such evidence of on-line recovery was observed, in contrast, for "strong" garden-path sentences that required more substantial revisions of the representation built thus far, suggesting that comprehension breakdown was more likely here.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 32, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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