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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Vocal Effort Levels In Anechoic Conditions
Paper URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V1S-52M3GW4-1-1&_cdi=5682&_user=735571&_pii=S0003682X11000685&_origin=gateway&_coverDate=04%2F13%2F2011&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzS&md5=9c55afa17453069061ed60ce8eff457f&ie=/sdartic
Author: Ian Cushing
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Surbiton High School
Author: Francis F Li
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Salford
Author: Trevor J Cox
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.acoustics.salford.ac.uk/profiles/cox/
Institution: University of Salford
Author: Ken Worrall
Author: Tim Jackson
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Abstract: This paper presents statistical data on vocal effort levels in anechoic conditions from 50 British English speakers. Extending and rectifying the broadly quoted work carried out by Pearsons et al in 1977 with American English speakers, the current work stipulates five vocal effort labels: hushed, normal, raised, loud and shout using a set of more precise descriptors with an aim to (1) avoid ambiguity and mis-interpretation of these effort levels, (2) extend the Pearsons' dataset to include a hushed speech level, which is demanded for the investigation of speech intelligibility and privacy, and (3) validate Pearsons' dataset with native British English speakers. In addition, the statistical data also shows a high level of correlation between peak levels and equivalent continuous levels, providing a useful means to estimate speech levels in the presence of non-trivial background noise.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Applied Acoustics; Volume 72; Issue 9; Pages 695-701
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V1S-52M3GW4-1-1&_cdi=5682&_user=735571&_pii=S0003682X11000685&_origin=gateway&_coverDate=04%2F13%2F2011&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzS&md5=9c55afa17453069061ed60ce8eff457f&ie=/sdartic


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