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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Free access to several Brill linguistics journals, such as Journal of Jewish Languages, Language Dynamics and Change, and Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics.


Academic Paper


Title: Vocal Effort Levels In Anechoic Conditions
Paper URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V1S-52M3GW4-1-1&_cdi=5682&_user=735571&_pii=S0003682X11000685&_origin=gateway&_coverDate=04%2F13%2F2011&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzS&md5=9c55afa17453069061ed60ce8eff457f&ie=/sdartic
Author: Ian Cushing
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Surbiton High School
Author: Francis F Li
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Salford
Author: Trevor J Cox
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.acoustics.salford.ac.uk/profiles/cox/
Institution: University of Salford
Author: Ken Worrall
Author: Tim Jackson
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Abstract: This paper presents statistical data on vocal effort levels in anechoic conditions from 50 British English speakers. Extending and rectifying the broadly quoted work carried out by Pearsons et al in 1977 with American English speakers, the current work stipulates five vocal effort labels: hushed, normal, raised, loud and shout using a set of more precise descriptors with an aim to (1) avoid ambiguity and mis-interpretation of these effort levels, (2) extend the Pearsons' dataset to include a hushed speech level, which is demanded for the investigation of speech intelligibility and privacy, and (3) validate Pearsons' dataset with native British English speakers. In addition, the statistical data also shows a high level of correlation between peak levels and equivalent continuous levels, providing a useful means to estimate speech levels in the presence of non-trivial background noise.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Applied Acoustics; Volume 72; Issue 9; Pages 695-701
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V1S-52M3GW4-1-1&_cdi=5682&_user=735571&_pii=S0003682X11000685&_origin=gateway&_coverDate=04%2F13%2F2011&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzS&md5=9c55afa17453069061ed60ce8eff457f&ie=/sdartic


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