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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

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Academic Paper


Title: Microvariation in object positions: Negative Shift in Scandinavian
Author: Eva Engels
Institution: Aarhus University, Denmark
Linguistic Field: Sociolinguistics; Syntax; Typology
Subject LANGUAGE Family: East Scandinavian; West Scandinavian
Abstract: In the Scandinavian languages, sentential negation must be licensed in Spec–head relation in the IP-domain, necessitating leftward movement of negative objects, Negative Shift (NegS). While string-vacuous NegS is possible in all Scandinavian varieties, there is a fair amount of cross-linguistic variation in non-string-vacuous NegS. In particular, the varieties contrast in which constituents can be crossed by NegS and whether or not crossing of a certain constituent requires the presence of an intervening verb. The paper presents the complex variation as to the distribution of negative objects in Scandinavian, using data from different sources, and outlines an analysis within Fox & Pesetsky's (2003, 2005a, b) cyclic linearization model, which accounts for this variation by differences in the availability of the intermediate positions non-string-vacuous movement is forced to proceed through.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Nordic Journal of Linguistics Vol. 34, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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