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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Academic Paper


Title: Norwegian (non-V2) declaratives, resumptive elements, and the Wackernagel position
Author: Kristin Melum Eide
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.hf.ntnu.no/hf/inl/Ansatte/kristin.eide/personInfo.html
Institution: Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Subject Language: Norwegian Nynorsk
Norwegian Bokmål
Sami, Southern
Sami, Northern
Norwegian, Traveller
Abstract: Most Norwegian declaratives are subject-initial verb second (V2) clauses. This paper discusses declaratives that can be construed as non-V2, two constructions that have traditionally been analyzed as left dislocation phenomena: the (adjunctive) -construction and the Copy Left Dislocation (CLD) construction, where the ‘copy’ is a weak pronoun. Both constructions share an affinity to root clauses, have particular scope effects, and employ a prosodically light particle between the topicalized phrase and the finite verb in V2 ( and a weak pronoun, respectively). The paper attributes these properties to the fact that the relevant particles are topic markers of a particular kind; they mark A-topics. A-Topics signal a topic-shift in the conversation and are confined to clauses with illocutionary force (Bianchi & Frascarelli 2010). The aforementioned particles are much more frequent in spoken contexts than in written prose, and I propose that this is because they depend on prosody. They are obligatorily light, and they occur in the part of the clause that has traditionally been described as ‘the Wackernagel position’. Wackernagel (1892) proposed that certain prosodically light elements (clitics in particular) tend to occur in the second position in Indo-European languages. Although the resumptive elements of the -construction and especially of CLDs may not be fully-fledged clitics, like clitics, they appear in the second position of declaratives.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Nordic Journal of Linguistics Vol. 34, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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