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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Markers of general interpretive use in Amharic and Swahili
Author: Steve Nicolle
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Africa International University
Linguistic Field: Pragmatics
Subject Language: Amharic
Swahili
Abstract: The analyses proposed in this paper for certain particles in Amharic and Swahili invoke the relevance theoretic notions of interpretive use and procedural meaning. I demonstrate that natural languages may encode procedural constraints on the identification of general interpretative use as well as on the identification of specific types of interpretive use, such as questions and exclamations. I also demonstrate how a particle which encodes general interpretive use may be used to constrain the identification of a specific type of interpretive use, and conversely how a particle which encodes a constraint on the identification of a specific type of interpretive use may be used to indicate other types of interpretive use. In both cases, the information encoded by the particle interacts with information encoded through intonation to achieve the intended effect.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: G. Andersen & T. Fretheim (eds.) Pragmatic Markers and Propositional Attitude, 173-188. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series 79.)


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