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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: An event-related potential study of the concreteness effect between Chinese nouns and verbs
Paper URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6SYR-4TXF818-1/2/49d0593b0157e317045f7795d955bc2b
Author: Pei-Shu Tsai
Email: click here to access email
Institution: National Yang-Ming University
Author: Brenda H.-Y. Yu
Institution: (personal interest - not currently working at a university)
Author: Chia-Ying Lee
Institution: Academia Sinica
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Neurolinguistics
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
Abstract: The effect of concreteness has been heavily studied on nouns. However, there are scant reports on the effect for verbs. The present research independently manipulated concreteness and word class of Chinese disyllabic words in tasks that required different depths of semantic processing: a lexical decision task and a semantic relatedness judgment task. The results replicated the concreteness effect for nouns, indicating that concrete nouns elicited larger N400 responses than abstract nouns with a broad distribution over the scalp, irrespective of the task demands. Similar to the findings from English unambiguous verbs, the concreteness effect for Chinese verbs was also robustly observed from fontal to posterior electrodes in both tasks. These results suggest that when Chinese nouns and verbs are typical and unambiguous in both meanings and word classes, the similar topographic distributions of the N400 components reflect the same underlying cause(s) of the concreteness effect for these two word classes.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Brain Research, Volume 1253, 9 February, 2009, Pages 149-160
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6SYR-4TXF818-1/2/49d0593b0157e317045f7795d955bc2b


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