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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: 'Linguistic Cybercolonization'
Paper URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2014740
Author: Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://isid.academia.edu/DebaprasadBandyopadhyay
Institution: Indian Statistical Institute
Linguistic Field: Philosophy of Language; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics
Abstract: This paper dealt mainly with the condition of language, both internalized and externalized, at the age of globalization as well as Electronic capitalism by reiterating earlier stands taken by Bandyopadhyay(1999a, 1999b, 2000). It starts with a Marxian metaphor of inversion (in case of commodity fitishism) that lead us to the understanding of the nature of inversion of language and creative speaking subject as well. Different spaces of communication (in the Indian context) was introduced in Sec-3 with a view to understand the cyber-spatial hyper-reality vis a vis other spaces of communication (Indian grass-root plurilingualism, administrative use of language and Business language). Sec-3 had different subsections that briefly deal with (a) “inner domain” of Indian plurilingualism (3.1); (b) language of Indian administration (3.2) and (c) Language of National and Multinational business sectors (3.3 and 3.4). In 3.4.2, the Social Scientific and Environmental scientific problems of Computational Linguistics (CL) was discussed as CL is now creating a cyber-zone of communication with a view to create speaking machine and computer is the repertoire of large language-data. Sec-3.4.3 was on the encroachment/cohabitation of centre's language in the so-called "local" language and 3.4.4 will conclusively summarize the theme of the Sec-3, i.e. use of Externalized language in the "Glocalized" (=global local) society keeping in mind the “Indian” context. Sec-4 shifted to the problem of Internalized Language. Here the hypothesis of crippled creativity was introduced by attesting the locus (i.e. the cyberspace) of “ideal” speaking subject. According to this hypothesis, linguistic creativity is crippled by the outside sociality and the creative speaking subject is ceased to be existed in the world of behavioral manipulation. Lastly, in Sec-5, the "Art of resistance" was discussed. In this last section, the Marxian metaphor of inversion in the context of market economy was inverted again with the logic of double negation to achieve the scope for emancipatory dialogue without manipulation. However this Habermasian agenda of achieving communicative competence was again questioned by the author as a transcendental locus for dialogue would not to be found in the planet earth.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
Publication Info: Globalization, Language, Culture and Media, pp.146-187, B.N. Patnaik, S.I. Hasnain, eds., Simla Institute of Advanced Studies, 2006
URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2014740


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