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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: Codon Distribution in DNA
Paper URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2015521
Author: Sujoy Chattopadhyay
Author: Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://isid.academia.edu/DebaprasadBandyopadhyay
Institution: Indian Statistical Institute
Linguistic Field: Discipline of Linguistics; Linguistic Theories; Syntax
Abstract: This paper is based on a presumption: triplets in a genetic string behave almost like linguistic structure. The authors of this paper analogically considered genetic string as a body of linguistic structure By virtue of potentiality of occurrence in a certain context, a linguistic unit (like phoneme [In case of codons, all the nucleotides A, G, T, C may be metaphorically considered as smallest units], Morpheme, lexeme [all the triplets/exons are, for the time being metaphorically considered as words], sentence) enters into interdependent syntagmatic relation. Each triplet occurs syntagmatically with each other, e.g., ATG syntagmatically co-occurs with TTT or TGC, i.e., all the 64 triplets have a definite selectional restriction rule and they are subjected to the Projection Principle at the moment of producing innumerable proteins. One may also say that if some triplets are producing same amino acid are said to be in a paradigmatic relationship (one can be substituted by the other). They are metaphorically considered as synonymous. However, there are some crucial questions: in a given syntagm of a genetic string, how the triplets are distributed? Is there any (inter)dependency relationship among triplets? Before going to answer such crucial questions and before going to deploy Chomskian syntactic tool, we had set our primary task to find out the rank-frequency distribution of triplets. We had deployed a particular Statistico-Linguistic Law, i.e., Zipf’s Law, to understand the rank versus frequency distribution of the codons. What we had found was that the Zipf’s exponent differentiates in case of genetic sequences.Keywords: Codon, Zipf's Law, Linguistic Structure
Type: Collection
Status: Completed
Venue: Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
Publication Info: Physical Review E, Vol. 63, Issue 5, 051908, 2001
URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2015521


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