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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: 'Standardization: Myth or Reality?'
Paper URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2017363
Author: Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://isid.academia.edu/DebaprasadBandyopadhyay
Institution: Indian Statistical Institute
Linguistic Field: Discipline of Linguistics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Bengali
Abstract: This paper deals with the problems of standardization in connection with the industrialized or technocratic society, where one externalized linguistic variety is selected, appropriated, codified and approximated at the 'cost' of 'other' 'defeated' and 'captive' varieties (so-called dialect) within the stipulated boundary of an imagined linguistic nation state. By taking cue from Ray, P. (1968), the author shows that the term 'standard (tool)' is a term used in the technocratic market economy and it is borrowed in the realm of linguistic epistemology along with other terms like, 'language management', 'language development', 'language planning' etc. The author also shows, by analyzing the discourse of Labov (1972), the commoditization of externalized linguistic varieties in the all-pervading market economy. The author further extended the problems of standardization in the domain of grammaticalization as grammar, as a school textbook, a packaged commodity or a tool for linguistic colonization, extends and transmits a particular selected standard variety by captivating 'other' varieties. The process of standardization, in the context of print capitalistic nation building process, helps to create internal colonies as captive speakers of peripheral varieties or 'dialects' are colonized by the 'standard' variety. The author uses the term 'myth' in the Bertheian sense of the term to refer to something, which is at a time 'true and unreal'. Standardization is a 'truth' of a particular ideology and it is 'unreal' in the context of freedom of creative speaking subject.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. XXII, No. 2, pp. 73-76, 1996
URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2017363


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