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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

By Asya Pereltsvaig and Martin W. Lewis

This book "asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology" and "defends traditional practices in historical linguistics while remaining open to new techniques, including computational methods" and "will appeal to readers interested in world history and world geography."


Academic Paper


Title: 'Standardization: Myth or Reality?'
Paper URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2017363
Author: Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: https://independent.academia.edu/DebaprasadBandyopadhyay
Institution: Indian Statistical Institute
Linguistic Field: Discipline of Linguistics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Bengali
Abstract: This paper deals with the problems of standardization in connection with the industrialized or technocratic society, where one externalized linguistic variety is selected, appropriated, codified and approximated at the 'cost' of 'other' 'defeated' and 'captive' varieties (so-called dialect) within the stipulated boundary of an imagined linguistic nation state. By taking cue from Ray, P. (1968), the author shows that the term 'standard (tool)' is a term used in the technocratic market economy and it is borrowed in the realm of linguistic epistemology along with other terms like, 'language management', 'language development', 'language planning' etc. The author also shows, by analyzing the discourse of Labov (1972), the commoditization of externalized linguistic varieties in the all-pervading market economy. The author further extended the problems of standardization in the domain of grammaticalization as grammar, as a school textbook, a packaged commodity or a tool for linguistic colonization, extends and transmits a particular selected standard variety by captivating 'other' varieties. The process of standardization, in the context of print capitalistic nation building process, helps to create internal colonies as captive speakers of peripheral varieties or 'dialects' are colonized by the 'standard' variety. The author uses the term 'myth' in the Bertheian sense of the term to refer to something, which is at a time 'true and unreal'. Standardization is a 'truth' of a particular ideology and it is 'unreal' in the context of freedom of creative speaking subject.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. XXII, No. 2, pp. 73-76, 1996
URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2017363


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