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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Kolkata Dialects and the Aspects of Standardization: Preliminary Observations
Paper URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2021411
Author: Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://isid.academia.edu/DebaprasadBandyopadhyay
Institution: Indian Statistical Institute
Linguistic Field: Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Bengali
Abstract: In the last phase of eighties of the last century, the author surveyed the some sexagenarians of northern part of Kolkata, West Bengal, India to find out their externalized language features (pejoratively called as “Cockney”, a so-called endangered language ) in descriptive manner and by deploying ethnomethodological procedures and 19th C text-analysis. The author , latter on, when found triglossic variation, supplemented the term “Cockney” with “procolit” as he discovered that the migrant Sahibs perceived Kolkata delta as a mirror-image of London city and thus named the North Kolkatan (the Sutanuti area) variations as ‘cockney’. this paper is a partial presentation of such linguistic history as well as nostalgic imagination of the homesick Sahibs (data collected from the their personal letters). Moreover, the process of language-selection/choice for standardization ( cf. “standard tool” as used in industrialized society) was also discussed as the standardization process depended on some extra-/non-linguistic factors or non-discursive formation.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: 1991. Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics. Vol .XVII. No.2. Dec.’91. (pp.197-202) Delhi. ISSN 0379-0037 cited in Reprinted in: 1996.Hasnain, I. ed. (Foreword. J. Fishman)Standardization and Modernization(pp.197-202) . Delhi: Bahari Publication.
URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2021411


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