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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Temporal Reference Marking in Narrative and Expository Text Written by Deaf Children and Adults: A Bimodal Bilingual Perspective
Author: Liesbeth M. van Beijsterveldt
Institution: Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Author: Janet G van Hell
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Morphology
Subject Language: Dutch Sign Language
Abstract: This study examined temporal reference marking in texts written by Dutch deaf children and adults who differed in sign language proficiency. The temporal reference marking systems in Dutch and Sign Language of the Netherlands (SLN) differ substantially, with Dutch having a wide range of lexical and morphological markers of temporal reference, and SLN relying on lexical marking of temporal reference. The results showed that the youngest proficient signers had difficulties with tense morphology: they avoided the marked past tense form in narratives and omitted verbs, but showed no problems with lexical marking of temporal reference. In the older proficient signing writers, verb morphology emerged, and in proficient signing adults temporal reference marking resembled that of the hearing adults. This study shows that in order to gain more insight into deaf people's writing, it is important to adopt a bilingual perspective and take variations in sign language proficiency into account.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 15, Issue 1.

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