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Evolutionary Syntax

By Ljiljana Progovac

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The Making of Vernacular Singapore English

By Zhiming Bao

This book "proposes a new theory of contact-induced grammatical restructuring" and "offers a new analytical approach to New English from a formal or structural perspective."


Academic Paper


Title: How to measure the onset of babbling reliably?
Author: Inge Molemans
Institution: University of Antwerp
Author: Renate van den Berg
Institution: University of Antwerp
Author: Lieve Van Severen
Institution: University of Antwerp
Author: Steven Gillis
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Antwerp
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition
Abstract: Various measures for identifying the onset of babbling have been proposed in the literature, but a formal definition of the exact procedure and a thorough validation of the sample size required for reliably establishing babbling onset is lacking. In this paper the reliability of five commonly used measures is assessed using a large longitudinal corpus of spontaneous speech from forty infants (age 0 ; 6−2 ; 0). In a first experiment it is shown that establishing the onset of babbling with reasonable (95%) confidence is impossible when the measures are computed only once, and when the number of vocalizations are not equal for all children at all ages. In addition, each measure requires a different minimal sample size. In the second experiment a robust procedure is proposed and formally defined that permits the identification of the onset of babbling with 95% confidence. The bootstrapping procedure involves extensive resampling and requires relatively few data.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 39, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .



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