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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: 'An ultrasound study of lingual coarticulation in /V/ syllables produced by adults and typically developing children'
Author: NataliaZharkova
Institution: 'Queen Margaret University'
Author: NigelHewlett
Institution: 'Queen Margaret University'
Author: WilliamJHardcastle
Institution: 'Queen Margaret University'
Linguistic Field: 'Phonetics'
Subject Language: 'English'
Abstract: According to the Degree of Articulatory Constraint model of lingual coarticulation, the consonant // has some scope for tongue adaptation to neighbouring vowels, since the tongue dorsum is not directly involved in constriction formation for this consonant. The present study aimed to establish whether the tongue shape for // in consonant–vowel syllables was influenced by the nature of the following vowel, in Scottish-English–speaking children and adults. Ultrasound tongue imaging was used to establish the presence or otherwise of a vowel effect at the consonant midpoint, by measuring differences between the consonant tongue contours in different vowel environments. In adults, the vowel pairs //–//, //–// and //–// exerted significant coarticulatory effects on //. In children, no significant effects on // were observed. Greater within-speaker variability in lingual articulation was found in children than in adults. The reduced ability of children to anticipate the tongue configuration of a following vowel whilst simultaneously implementing an initial // sound could be explained by lesser differential control of tip/blade and tongue body.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of the International Phonetic Association Vol. 42, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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