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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: 'The role of dynamic contrasts in the L2 acquisition of Spanish past tense morphology'
Author: LauraDomínguez
Email: click here to access email
Institution: 'University of Southampton'
Author: NicoleTracy-Ventura
Institution: 'University of Southampton'
Author: MaríaJ.Arche
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: 'http://www.gre.ac.uk/schools/humanities/departments/lis/staff_directory/maria-arche'
Institution: 'University of Greenwich'
Author: RosamondMitchell
Institution: 'University of Southampton'
Author: FlorenceMyles
Email: click here to access email
Institution: 'University of Essex'
Linguistic Field: 'Language Acquisition'
Subject Language: 'English'
' Spanish'
Abstract: This study examines the second language acquisition of Spanish past tense morphology by three groups of English speakers (beginners, intermediates and advanced). We adopt a novel methodological approach – combining oral corpus data with controlled experimental data – in order to provide new evidence on the validity of the Lexical Aspect Hypothesis (LAH) in L2 Spanish. Data elicited through one comprehension and three oral tasks with varying degrees of experimental control show that the emergence of temporal markings is determined mainly by the dynamic/non-dynamic contrast (whether a verb is a state or an event) as beginner and intermediate speakers use Preterit with event verbs but Imperfect mainly with state verbs. One crucial finding is that although advanced learners use typical Preterit–telic associations in the least controlled oral tasks, as predicted by the LAH, this pattern is often reversed in tasks designed to include non-prototypical (and infrequent) form–meaning contexts. The results of the comprehension task also show that the Preterit-event and Imperfect-state associations observed in the production data determine the interpretation that learners assign to the Preterit and the Imperfect as well. These results show that beginner and intermediate learners treat event verbs (achievements, accomplishments and activities) in Spanish as a single class that they associate with Preterit morphology. We argue that dynamicity contrasts, and not telicity, affect learners’ use of past tense forms during early stages of acquisition.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 16, Issue 3, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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