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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

By Asya Pereltsvaig and Martin W. Lewis

This book "asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology" and "defends traditional practices in historical linguistics while remaining open to new techniques, including computational methods" and "will appeal to readers interested in world history and world geography."


Academic Paper


Title: Interpretation of contrastive pitch accent in six- to eleven-year-old English-speaking children (and adults)
Author: Kiwako Ito
Institution: Ohio State University
Author: Sarah A. Bibyk
Institution: University of Rochester
Author: Laura Wagner
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://faculty.psy.ohio-state.edu/wagner/
Institution: Ohio State University
Author: Shari R. Speer
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://www.ling.ohio-state.edu/~speer
Institution: Ohio State University
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Phonetics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: Both off-line and on-line comprehension studies suggest not only toddlers and preschoolers, but also older school-age children have trouble interpreting contrast-marking pitch prominence. To test whether children achieve adult-like proficiency in processing contrast-marking prosody during school years, an eye-tracking experiment examined the effect of accent on referential resolution in six- to eleven-year-old children and adults. In all age groups, a prominent accent facilitated the detection of a target in contrastive discourse sequences (pink cat→ cat), whereas it led to a garden path in non-contrastive sequences (pink rabbit→ monkey: the initial fixations were on rabbits). While the data indicate that children as young as age six immediately interpret contrastive accent, even the oldest child group showed delayed fixations compared to adults. We argue that the children's slower recovery from the garden path reflects the gradual development in cognitive flexibility that matures independently of general oculomotor control.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 41, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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