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Academic Paper


Title: Crossing borders: Recognition of Spanish words by English-speaking children with and without language impairment
Author: Kathryn Kohnert
Institution: University of Minnesota
Author: Jennifer Windsor
Institution: University of Minnesota
Author: Ruth Miller
Institution: University of Minnesota
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: We introduce an objective method for classifying phonological overlap between Spanish and English translation equivalents. This method then is exploited to examine spoken word recognition using stimuli with graded levels of phonological overlap. Performance by typical English-only speaking (EO) children and English-only children with primary language impairment (LI) is compared to a control group of bilingual Spanish–English peers (BI). Response time and accuracy separated groups, with the BI group outperforming the EO group, who in turn outperformed the LI group. Children with more severe LI are slower than those with mild LI, and LI severity is significantly correlated with speed. The two groups of monolingual children and the LI subgroups respond in a qualitatively similar way to decreasing phonological overlap.

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This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 25, Issue 4, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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