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Evolutionary Syntax

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The Making of Vernacular Singapore English

By Zhiming Bao

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Academic Paper


Title: Bare forms and lexical insertions in code-switching: A processing-based account
Author: Jonathan Owens
Institution: Universit├Ąt Bayreuth
Linguistic Field: Syntax; Language Acquisition; Morphology; Sociolinguistics
Abstract: Bare forms (or ├ś forms), uninflected lexical L2 insertions in contexts where the matrix language expects morphological marking, have been recognized as an anomaly in different approaches to code-switching. Myers-Scotton (1997, 2002) has explained their existence in terms of structural incongruity between the matrix and embedded languages, while Poplack (Budzhak-Jones and Poplack, 1997) looks to distributional symmetries or asymmetries with other anomalous phenomena such as non-standard case marking. In corpus-based studies, bare forms often emerge as clinal in nature, with full matrix language marking appearing alongside bare forms. This suggests that discrete structural constraints are not the only factors, nor necessarily always the dominant ones in play. In this paper it is proposed that on-line processing constraints governed in particular by lexical frequency effects and inherent latencies associated with inflectional attachment may lead to bare forms. The argument is based on a multilingual corpus of native Arabic speakers from the city of Maiduguri in northeastern Nigeria.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 8, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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