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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

By Peter Mark Roget

This book "supplies a vocabulary of English words and idiomatic phrases 'arranged … according to the ideas which they express'. The thesaurus, continually expanded and updated, has always remained in print, but this reissued first edition shows the impressive breadth of Roget's own knowledge and interests."


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By Franco Montanari

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Academic Paper


Title: Dame un hamburger plain con ketchup y papitas
Author: Ileana Cortés
Institution: University of Puerto Rico
Author: Jesús Ramírez
Institution: University of Puerto Rico
Author: María Rivera
Institution: University of Puerto Rico
Author: Marta Viada
Institution: Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico -- Ponce
Author: Joan Fayer
Institution: University of Puerto Rico
Linguistic Field: Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: English/Spanish contact in Puerto Rico.

ONE OUTCOME of language contact is lexical borrowing. Borrowing in Puerto Rico (for political, economic, and social reasons) is evident in the influence English has had on Spanish, especially in lexical terms. This paper explores the impact of American English on the lexicon of Puerto Rican Spanish, specifically on vocabulary relating to food. Data were collected through participant observation in selected fast food restaurants from different regions in P.R. An analysis of the corpus provides the basis for five categories useful in understanding the influence of English on Spanish in this domain. The study indicates that English borrowings have had a tremendous influence on the Puerto Rican lexicon, and predicts that, even though Spanish will continue to be the dominant Puerto Rican language, it will continue to change under the influence of English.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in English Today Vol. 21, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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