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On the Offensive

By Karen Stollznow

On the Offensive " This book sheds light on the derogatory phrases, insults, slurs, stereotypes, tropes and more that make up linguistic discrimination. Each chapter addresses a different area of prejudice: race and ethnicity; gender identity; sexuality; religion; health and disability; physical appearance; and age."

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Academic Paper

Title: Quantitative Analysis of Sign Lengthening in American Sign Language
Paper URL:
Author: Jesse Stewart
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Saskatchewan
Linguistic Field: Discourse Analysis; Phonology
Subject Language: American Sign Language
Subject LANGUAGE Family: European Deaf Sign Languages
Abstract: In spoken languages, disfluent speech, narrative effects, discourse information, and phrase position may influence the lengthening of segments beyond their typical duration. In sign languages, however, the primary use of the visual-gestural modality results in articulatory differences not expressed in spoken languages. This paper looks at sign lengthening in American Sign Language (ASL). Comparing two retellings of the Pear Story narrative from five signers, three primary lengthening mechanisms were identified: elongation, repetition, and deceleration. These mechanisms allow signers to incorporate lengthening into signs which may benefit from decelerated language production due to high information load or complex articulatory processes. Using a mixed effects model, significant differences in duration were found between (i) non-conventionalized forms vs. lexical signs, (ii) signs produced during role shift vs. non-role shift, (iii) signs in phrase-final/initial vs. phrase-medial position, (iv) new vs. given information, and (v) (non-disordered) disfluent signing vs. non-disfluent signing. These results provide insights into duration effects caused by information load and articulatory processes in ASL.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: HDLS, University of New Mexico, Nov 2012
Publication Info: Stewart, J. (2014). A Quantitative analysis of sign lengthening in American Sign Language. Sign language and linguistics 7(1):82-101. doi 10.1075/sll.17.1.04ste
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