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On the Offensive

By Karen Stollznow

On the Offensive " This book sheds light on the derogatory phrases, insults, slurs, stereotypes, tropes and more that make up linguistic discrimination. Each chapter addresses a different area of prejudice: race and ethnicity; gender identity; sexuality; religion; health and disability; physical appearance; and age."


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Academic Paper


Title: A Comparative Analysis of Media Lengua and Quichua Vowel Production
Paper URL: https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/369629
Author: Jesse Stewart
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://jessestewart.net
Institution: University of Saskatchewan
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Quichua, Imbabura Highland
Subject LANGUAGE Family: Spanish-Quechua
Abstract: This study presents a comparative analysis of F1 and F2 vowel frequencies from Pijal Media Lengua (PML) and Imbabura Quichua. Mixed-effects models are used to test Spanish-derived high and low vowels against their Quichua-derived counterparts for statistical significance. Spanish-derived and Quichua-derived high vowels are also tested against Spanish-derived mid vowels. This analysis suggests that PML may be manipulating as many as eight vowels where Spanish-derived high and low vowels coexist as near-mergers with their Quichua-derived counterparts, while high and mid vowels coexist with partial overlap. Quichua, traditionally viewed as a three-vowel system, shows similar results and may be manipulating as many as six vowels.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Stewart, J. (2014). A comparative analysis of Media Lengua and Quichua vowel production. Phonetica. 7(3):159-182 doi 10.1159/000369629
URL: https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/369629
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