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On the Offensive

By Karen Stollznow

On the Offensive " This book sheds light on the derogatory phrases, insults, slurs, stereotypes, tropes and more that make up linguistic discrimination. Each chapter addresses a different area of prejudice: race and ethnicity; gender identity; sexuality; religion; health and disability; physical appearance; and age."

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Academic Paper

Title: Intonation Patterns in Pijal Media Lengua
Paper URL:;jsessionid=1t4pg7ur2wmes.x-brill-live-03
Author: Jesse Stewart
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Saskatchewan
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology
Subject Language: Media Lengua
Abstract: Pijal Media Lengua (PML) is a mixed language described as having Quichua morphosyntactic and phonological systems where nearly every content word (89%), including pronouns and determiners, is replaced by its Spanish-derived counterpart through the process of relexification. PML speakers however, often regard their language as intonationally distinct from both Quichua and Spanish. This paper offers a basic description of the pitch accent and boundary tone configurations found in PML using the autosegmental framework (Pierrehumbert, 1980) in a ToBI transcription system (Silverman, 1984). This paper also explorers the current literature on mixed language phonetics and attempts to promote acoustic analyses of intonation as a useful investigative tool for analyzing the origins of prosodic material. The results suggest that PML predominantly makes use of Quichua-like intonation patterns along with innovative and/or preserved structures.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Stewart, J. (2015). Intonation patterns in Pijal Media Lengua. Journal of language contact 8(2):223-262. doi 10.1163/19552629-00802003
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