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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Academic Paper


Title: On the Migration of Postpositions into Morphology
Author: Barış Kabak
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://ling.uni-konstanz.de/pages/home/kabak/
Institution: Universität Konstanz
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics; Morphology; Phonology; Typology
Subject Language: Finnish
Hungarian
Turkish
Abstract: This article investigates the morphologization of postpositions and presents structural properties of Turkish postpositions and their frequency of occurrence. Turkish postpositional phrases provide chunks comprised of a frequently co-occuring case suffix on the complement followed by a postposition. According to the Linear Fusion Hypothesis (Bybee 2002), such chunks provide ideal conditions for phonological fusion. In contrast to this view, this paper shows that there is no fusion between the frequently co-occurring case suffixes and postpositions. Instead, postpositions following an uninflected form of complement have a greater chance of turning into case suffixes or clitics than those following a case-inflected form. Case suffixes serve as constant indicators of a word boundary before postpositions, thereby blocking the bonding between the postposition and the complement. Simple frequency and linearity, therefore, cannot be the sole conditions in the morphologization of postpositions.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Studies in Language
Publication Info: to appear


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