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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Loudness Predicts Prominence: Fundamental Frequency Lends Little
Paper URL: http://kochanski.org/gpk/papers/2005/04pnp.pdf
Author: Greg Kochanski
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://kochanski.org/gpk
Institution: Oxford University Phonetics Laboratory
Author: Esther Grabe
Homepage: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/~esther
Institution: University of Oxford
Author: John S. Coleman
Homepage: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/~jcoleman
Institution: University of Oxford
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics; Phonetics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: We built classifiers, trained the classifiers on human prominence/non-prominence judgements, and then evaluated how well they behaved. The classifiers operate on 452 ms windows centered on syllables, using different acoustic measures. By comparing the performance of classifiers based on different measures, we can learn how prominence is expressed in speech. Contrary to textbooks and common assumption, fundamental frequency (f0) played a minor role in distinguishing
prominent syllables from the rest of the utterance. Instead, speakers primarily marked prominence with patterns of loudness and duration. Two other acoustic measures that we examined also played a minor role, comparable to f0. All dialects and speaking styles studied here share a common definition of prominence.
The result is robust to differences in labeling practice and the dialect of the labeler.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress
Publication Info: Accepted in J. Acoustical Soc. America
URL: http://kochanski.org/gpk/papers/2005/04pnp.pdf


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