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The Language Hoax

By John H. McWhorter

The Language Hoax "argues that that all humans process life the same way, regardless of their language."


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Language and Development in Africa

By H. Ekkehard Wolff

Language and Development in Africa "discusses the resourcefulness of languages, both local and global, in view of the ongoing transformation of African societies as much as for economic development.. "


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Academic Paper


Title: The Penn Chinese TreeBank: Phrase structure annotation of a large corpus
Author: Naiwen Xue
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Author: Fei Xia
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Author: Fu-Dong Chiou
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Author: Marta Palmer
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics
Abstract: With growing interest in Chinese Language Processing, numerous NLP tools (e.g., word segmenters, part-of-speech taggers, and parsers) for Chinese have been developed all over the world. However, since no large-scale bracketed corpora are available to the public, these tools are trained on corpora with different segmentation criteria, part-of-speech tagsets and bracketing guidelines, and therefore, comparisons are difficult. As a first step towards addressing this issue, we have been preparing a large bracketed corpus since late 1998. The first two installments of the corpus, 250 thousand words of data, fully segmented, POS-tagged and syntactically bracketed, have been released to the public via LDC (). In this paper, we discuss several Chinese linguistic issues and their implications for our treebanking efforts and how we address these issues when developing our annotation guidelines. We also describe our engineering strategies to improve speed while ensuring annotation quality.

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This article appears IN Natural Language Engineering Vol. 11, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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