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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: Constrained EM for parallel text alignment
Author: David Talbot
Institution: University of Edinburgh
Linguistic Field: Text/Corpus Linguistics
Abstract: Standard parameter estimation schemes for statistical translation models can struggle to find reasonable settings on some parallel corpora. We show how auxiliary information can be used to constrain the procedure directly by restricting the set of alignments explored during parameter estimation. This enables the integration of bilingual and monolingual knowledge sources while retaining the flexibility of the underlying models. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach for incorporating linguistic and domain-specific constraints on various parallel corpora, and consider the importance of using the context of the parallel text to guide the application of such constraints.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Natural Language Engineering Vol. 11, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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