"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A decision-theoretic framework for the evaluation of language models used in speech recognizers
An analytical method for design and performance analysis of language models (LM) is described, and an example interactive software tool based on the technique is demonstrated. The LM performance analysis does not require on-line simulation or experimentation with the recognition system in which the LM is to employed. By exploiting parallels with signal detection theory, a profile of the LM as a function of the design parameters is given in a set of curves analogous to a receiver-operating-characteristic display.