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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Query Details


Query Subject:   Ukrainian Future Tense
Author:   C & S
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Query:   Dear All,

In standard Ukrainian, the future is formed with an auxiliary verb
bearing number and gender agreement followed by the infinitive form of
the main verb. I have recently come in contact with a dialect of
standard Ukrainian (spoken in rural Manitoba, Canada) which is divergent
in its formation of the future tense: it features the same auxiliary,
but the main verb appears in the *past-tense form*; this means not only
that it uses the past-tense stem, but it bears * number and gender
agreement*.

Is this phenomenon common to other slavic languages? Is it common to a
language that would have been in contact with Ukraine in the 19th
century? Yiddish has been suggested as possible contact language.

I'm not a linguist; however, even if my question is of personal
interest, I will be happy to provide a summary of the answers provided.
Write to me directly at egerton@pangea.ca
Thanks for your interest. Stephan Hardy.







Tue, 19 Oct 1999 09:23:14 -0400
hknoerr
hknoerr@uottawa.ca
References needed for student in SLA and Phonology



Dear Fellow Linguists,

A student from the Linguistics Masters program is looking for references on
Second Language Acquisition and Phonology. What would be your Best Of list?

Thank you in advance on her behalf.

Prof. H. Knoerr
*****************************************************************
H�l�ne Knoerr
Institut des langues secondes
Universit� d'Ottawa
600 King Edward
OTTAWA, Ontario K1H 7P7
hknoerr@uottawa.ca
(613) 562-5800/ 3475
(613) 562-5126 (fax)
*****************************************************************
LL Issue: 10.1593
Date posted: 23-Oct-1999



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