Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule

New from Cambridge University Press!


Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.

New from Brill!


Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin

Query Details

Query Subject:   Phonology: American English Flap
Author:   Jorge Guitart
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Phonetics
Subject Language(s):  English

Query:   Can anybody tell me why the classic A Pronouncing Dictionary of American
English by Kenyon and Knott--I have the 4th edition (1953)--does not
recognize the existence of the American English Flap? (AEF). The AEF is
not listed among the sounds of American English and all words with
intervocalic /t/ and /d/ (e.g., petal, pedal, writer, rider, etc.) are
transcribed as being pronounced with [t] and [d] respectively.

Incidentally, the standard dictionary I use, The American Heritage
Dictionary of the English Language (Houghton Mifflin 1992) does not
recognize the existence of the AEF either.

Is there a contemporary pronouncing dictionary of AE that recognizes
that /t/ and /d/ are flapped where they are?

Jorge Guitart
SUNY Buffalo
LL Issue: 11.94
Date posted: 18-Jan-2000


Sums main page