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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Query Details


Query Subject:   Question: will and shall in journal writing
Author:   M. Shuib
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Syntax
Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language(s):  English


Query:   I am doing a study on the use of modals by journal writers. Among
other things, I found that many of the writers in my data employ
the modals will and shall in volitional sense interchangeably .
i.e. One of the writers, for example, at the beginning of his article
uses volitional will as in :

THE ORGANISATION OF THIS PAPER IS AS FOLLOWS.
FIRST, WE WILL PROVIDE A GENERAL BACKGROUND TO
COMMUNICATIVE APPROACHES ....

and then, at a later stage of his article, he changes to
volitional shall, as in:

I SHALL SUGGEST IN THE DISCUSSION OF THE MODEL THAT ...


What I would like to know is whether you yourself adopt this
approach in your journal or dissertation writing If you do, could
you please offer some explanation.


Thank you.
M. Shuib
University of Sheffield
M.Shuib@Sheffield.ac.uk
LL Issue: 7.1769
Date posted: 13-Dec-1996



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