Featured Linguist!

Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

Donate Now | Visit the Fund Drive Homepage

Amount Raised:


Still Needed:


Can anyone overtake Syntax in the Subfield Challenge ?

Grad School Challenge Leader: University of Washington

Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

New from Cambridge University Press!


Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Query Details

Query Subject:   dative shift
Author:   Centro Multimediale Fac. Lingue/ U. di Genova
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Syntax
Subject Language(s):  English
Norwegian Bokmål

Query:   I'm doing some cross-linguistic research on dative shift in
languages other than English. In particular, I'm interested in
languages which do not make use of applicative morphemes. Could
anyone speaking a language which allows dative shift answer the
following questions? (Please, make some examples for each
question or translate my English examples)

a. Are all diatransitive verbs dativizable? If they are not, have
you got any idea as to how to distinguish dativizable verbs from
non dativizable verbs?

b. Is the order of the two internal objects in a DOC (Double
Object Construction)fixed?

Does your language have:

c. symmetric passive (=1. and 2. both acceptable)?

1. John was given a watch.
2. (*)A watch was given John.

d. symmetric wh-movement?

3. What did you give John?
4. *Who did you give the watch?

e. symmetric Heavy NP Shift?

5. Mary gave to John the most expensive watch she had.
6. *Mary gave the book the best pupil in her class.

f. symmetric binding?

7. ?John showed each other's friends to Bill and Mary.
8. *Jim showed each other's friends Bill and Mary.
9. John showed Mary to herself.
10. *John showed herself to Mary.
LL Issue: 7.1757
Date posted: 11-Dec-1996


Sums main page