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Query Details

Query Subject:   Enjoy Oneself (by) Doing?
Author:   Hiroaki Tanaka
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Lexicography
Subject Language(s):  English

Query:   Fri, 23 Jan 1998 12:46:06 +0900
Hiroaki Tanaka
Enjoy Oneself (by) Doing?

Dear Linguists,

My former teacher in the university I graduated, a famous
lexcographer here in Japan, who is compiling many English-Japanese
dictionaries, wants to know whether the following ''enjoy + oneself
+(by) + doing'' is currently used in America, Britain and other English
speaking countries. Logically, ''enjoy + oneslef + doing'' consturction
in (3) below is impossible, because ''enjoy'' does not take double
object construction. But he arugues against this, saying that the
developmental strategy of ''enjoy'' is from (1a) to (1d). The questions
are: (i)Which type in (2a)-(2e) do you think is the most appropriate,
acceptable structure of ''enjoy''? (ii)Which do you think is the most
old-fashioned, out of use, type in (2a)-(2e)? (iii) Do you think are
there any regional differences among these sentences?

(1) a. enjoy oneself by doing
-->b. enjoy oneself (by) doing
-->c. enjoy oneself doing
-->d. enjoy doing

(2) a. I had a good time playing golf.
b. I enjoyed myself playing golf.
c. I enjoyed myself while playing golf.
d. I enjoyed myself playing golf.
e. I enjoyed playing golf.

For your information, I refer to the curious omission of ''enjoiy
oneself'' in the 5th edition of Oxford Advanced Learners
Dictionary(OUP), although there is one in the 4th edition of the
dictionary(The children enjoyed themsleves playing in the water).

I will post a summary. I'm looking forward to your replies. Please
e-mail me directly to the following address. Enjoy yourself answering
my question!

Thanks a lot in advance.

Best wishes,

Hiroaki Tanaka

Associate Professor
Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences
Tokushima University, Japan

1-1, Minamijousanjioma,
Tokushima, 770-8052,

phone & fax: +81 886 56 7125
LL Issue: 9.116
Date posted: 24-Jan-1998


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