Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


Oxford Handbook of Corpus Phonology

Edited by Jacques Durand, Ulrike Gut, and Gjert Kristoffersen

Offers the first detailed examination of corpus phonology and serves as a practical guide for researchers interested in compiling or using phonological corpora

New from Cambridge University Press!


The Languages of the Jews: A Sociolinguistic History

By Bernard Spolsky

A vivid commentary on Jewish survival and Jewish speech communities that will be enjoyed by the general reader, and is essential reading for students and researchers interested in the study of Middle Eastern languages, Jewish studies, and sociolinguistics.

New from Brill!


Indo-European Linguistics

New Open Access journal on Indo-European Linguistics is now available!

Query Details

Query Subject:   germanic-root and romance-root redundant word pairings in English
Author:   Scott Newstrom
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Historical Linguistics

Query:   Hello,

I am trying to find a term to describe a particular phenomenon in the
English language, namely, when two nearly synonymous words are linked, one
of them having anglo-saxon roots and the other franco-latin roots. There
are many examples, including ''will and testament,'' ''give and bequeath,''
''love and amity.'' My hunch is that these redundancies are in some way a
by-product of the use of Latin and/or French in the medieval English
courts, as many of the pairings come from legal discourse (e.g. wills) or
other ceremonial events (e.g. marriages).

The rhetorical term ''hendiadys'' has been suggested, but that doesn't
describe this particular linguistic phenomenon; ''binomial'' is too broad,
and ''doublet'' refers to words derived from the same source at different
points (regal/royal) rather than two different language families. Other
people have suggested ''conjoined phrases'' and ''repetitive word pairs.''
None of these feels specific enough to this particular phenomenon.

Any suggestions would be much appreciated!

Scott Newstrom
LL Issue: 11.573
Date posted: 15-Mar-2000


Sums main page