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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Query Details

Query Subject:   Scope
Author:   Eung-Cheon Hah
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Pragmatics
Subject Language(s):  English

Query:   Sat, 25 Apr 1998 23:30:46 +0900
Eung-Cheon Hah

I'm currently investigaing scope phenomena in English. Your intuitive
judgement on the following sentences would be gratly appreciated. If
the sentence is ambiguous, marginally ambiguous, or unambiguous
between the relevant scope-bearing elements given in the parenthesis,
please mark it with (+A), (mA), or (-A), respectively. I assume that
all the scope-bearing elements receive neutral stress.


1. Someone doesn't love everyone.
(between 'someone' and 'everyone')

2. Someone doesn't love John.
(between 'someone' and 'not')

3. I expected someone not to have arrived.
(between 'someone' and 'not')

4. I expected everyone not to have arrived.
(between 'everyone' and 'not)

5. I expected someone not to like everyone.
(between 'someone' and 'everyone')

6. I expected someone to like everyone.
(between 'someone' and 'everyone')


I will post a summary after I get enough responses for the purpose.

Best wishes,

Eung-Cheon Hah
LL Issue: 9.615
Date posted: 26-Apr-1998


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