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Query Details

Query Subject:   Focus
Author:   sharbani Banerji
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  General Linguistics

Query:   Hi everybody,
Can anybody explain to me WHY and HOW Focus is related to the EVENT
of the clause? One might wonder IF it is at all related to the EVENT of
the clause--but my Bangla data seems to suggest that it IS related to
the EVENT of the clause.
I would also like to know which other language(s) clearly show such a
It would be a great help if some explanation is given along with the
suggestions on the literature--because, I may not be able to get the
relevant literature.The explanation would then help me complete my paper
on 'Object Shift'.I am stuck because I am unable to solve this problem.
I'll ofcourse post a summary if I get a response.
Thanks in advance
Sharbani Banerji
(C/o Centre for Applied Linguistics & Translation Studies,
University Of Hyderabad

Wed, 30 Jan 2002 11:16:01 -0500 (EST)
Elliott Moreton
Vowel alternations conditioned by consonant voicing

Dear Linguists:

I am searching for examples of synchronic or diachronic
vowel-quality alternations conditioned by the [+/- voice]
status of neighboring consonants. Only three examples are
known to me right now:

(1) Canadian Raising / Southern Monophthongization (English)
- a very widespread alternation in which /ai/, and sometimes
also /au/, is higher before voiceless codas than voiced ones
(Chambers 1973 CanJLing 18:113-135):


tight t^It taIt
tide taId ta:d

(2) Raising in Polish -- a morphophonemic alternation in
which some /o/s surface as [u] before an underlying voiced
coda consonant (Gussmann 1980 _Studies in Abstract Phonology_;
Kenstowicz 1994 _Phon. in Gen. Gr._ 74-78):

nom. sg. m[u]d 'fashion'
gen. pl. m[o]da

(3) A ''well-known sound change'' in German in which long
vowels are shortened and lowered before voiceless consonants
(mentioned briefly in Kohler 1984 Phonetica 41:150-174):

M[U]tter 'mother'
Br[u:]der 'brother'

Surely there are more out there. If you know of one, please
write. I'll post a summary in a month.

Many thanks,
Elliott Moreton
Dept. of Cognitive Science
Johns Hopkins
LL Issue: 13.261
Date posted: 31-Jan-2002


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