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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Query Details

Query Subject:   Spontaneous derived environment effects
Author:   Yining Nie
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Morphology
Language Acquisition

Query:   I am looking for examples of derived environment effects that arise spontaneously in phonological acquisition or loanword adaptation. Korean learners of English, for example, usually go through a stage of partial allophonic contrast where native palatalization of /s/ overapplies only in morphologically-derived contexts (Eckman, Elreyes & Iverson 2003). Amahl’s puzzle-puddle-pickle problem (Smith 1973) is claimed to display the opposite pattern: velarization is blocked in derived environments. I would be very interested in reports of other emergent phonological patterns that distinguish basic and phonologically- or morphologically-derived contexts, and whether both derived and non-derived environment blocking are commonly attested.

Many thanks,
Yining Nie
LL Issue: 25.305
Date posted: 17-Jan-2014


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